After reading entries on different communities, I have decided I have had enough of the blatant disregard of the most simple grammatical conventions. My English grammar education has been negligible; I'll be the first to admit that I don't know everything and that I do make mistakes. However, I have managed to pick up a few things.
Follows from Part I
, funnily enough.
Thank you to barnaby_d
for their suggestions.4. Apostrophes.
Apostrophes are used for contractions or to signify ownership. Let me give you some examples.
Example one: An example of where it's used correctly as a contraction is the word "it's" in this sentence.
Example two: When I read my friend's dictionary, I learnt that the apostrophe in the word "friend's" is signifying ownership.
Basically, if you replace the apostrophe with "is", or it has a noun following, you've used it correctly; this means that phrases such as Open Monday's
MAKE NO SENSE. Open Monday is? Open Monday's elephant? What are we trying to say here?
If the word that requires an apostrophe ends in the letter "s", for example lass
, only the apostrophe is needed, not the "s". For example, The lass' grammar is perfect
is a correct sentence. However, The lass's great!
is not correct.5. Mix-ups.
Two = the integer that is one larger than one.
Too = also. For example, I like grammar too!
"To" has several uses. One meaning is "in order to", for example, I learn about grammar to improve my English.
Another usage is to indicate the infinitive form of a verb, for example, I want to write about grammar.
The word also has other uses, including, The current time is quarter to eight
, but they are more phrasal rather than exact definitions.6. Comparatives and superlatives.
Comparatives are words which, oddly enough, compare two nouns; for example, His grammar is better than her
or His eyes are more blue than her
or I can type faster than you.
Superlatives are words which indicate that something is the supreme or at the end of a spectrum, for example, His grammar is the best
or His eyes are the most blue
or I can type the fastest.
A superlative is "the most" [adjective].
Comparatives can be altered by words such as "much" or "far", for example, His grammar is much better than her
or I can type far faster than you.
However, superlatives cannot
be qualified. They are already "the height" of something. An example that really highlights how ridiculous it is to qualify a superlative is the use of "unique". I am unique
NOT I am very unique
, or heaven forbid I am the most unique!
WHAT?! You are the most singular object of your kind?7 Misunderstood words.Mortifying vs. terrifying.
Mortifying: causing to feel shame or chagrin or vexation; synonyms include embarrassing and humiliating.I was mortified when you pinched my cheeks.
Terrifying: frightening or intimidating; synonyms include frightening and horrifying.I was terrified when you came at me with a knife!Simplistic vs. simple.
Simplistic: characterized by extreme and often misleading simplicityI don't believe your simplistic views on love.
Simple: easy and not involved or complicatedSnakes and Ladders is a simple game.Anxious vs eager.
Anxious: full of anxiety and disquietude; related to apprehension.I get anxious when considering sitting exams.
Eager: a positive feeling of wanting to push ahead with something.I am eager to see my girlfriend again.
I'm not actually sure about this one, because "anxious" has a secondary meaning of "desiring something", and so could be used in I am anxious to escape this sinking ship.
My personal gut feeling is that eager would be used in moments of positive emotion, and anxious used in moments of negative emotion. Affect vs effect vs affect vs effect
To affect (verb): to have an effect upon, to influence, to alter; I am negatively affected by bad grammar
Affecting (noun): a display of emotionI showed no affect when taunted with names such as "grammar Nazi".
Effect (noun): the result or consequence; also an impression producedThis pain I am feeling is an effect of terrible grammar; be warned - if you don't have passable grammar, your words will have little effect.
Effect (verb): bring about, cause to occur, achieveI effected my success in English by improving my vocabulary.8. Redundancy.We work all hours, every day of the week, 24/7.
You work all hours every day of the week? You work all hours every day of the week? You feel the need to say the same thing twice in one sentence? Why?9. "Lolspeak."
"Lolspeak" has its place: here
. Sure, it can be funny at certain times. However, that place is not
in everyday communication. Typing like this, dat looks cool whaddya doin 2nite?
, makes you look, quite frankly, like an uneducated sleazebag. Oh!
To be continued at a later date. Please comment with whatever bugs you and I will add it to the list. :)